The concept of fundamental rights was included in the Constitution of India based on the recommendations of the Constitution Drafting Committee, which was responsible for drafting the Constitution. The chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee was Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, who is considered the chief architect of the Constitution of India.
The Constitution Drafting Committee was set up by the Constituent Assembly of India, which was a body elected to draft the Constitution of India. The Constituent Assembly was established in 1946 and was composed of elected representatives from across India. The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949, and came into effect on January 26, 1950.
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